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Know Your Skin Type And How To Care For It

skin type

Do you know what your skin type is? If you haven’t found out by now, now is the time to get clued up. Not only will this educate you, but it will help you choose the correct skin care for your skin.  There are 5 skin types, and for each one, we have highlighted the characteristics, the test (to see what your skin type is) as well as treatment and care for them.

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Normal Skin

-smooth and clear
-healthy looking with the correct balance of oil and moisture
-good elasticity
-even tone with small pores (not very visible)

Test:
When you wake up, blot your face, if there is slight oil on your T-Zone, you most likely have normal skin

Treatment:
Just because your skin is normal does not mean that it doesn’t need care. Stick to a 3 step routine: Cleanse, tone and moisturize. And don’t forget the sunscreen.

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Oily Skin:

-common during adolescence
-large pores that overproduce oil
-greasy/shiny appearance
-skin has blemishes, pimples and blackheads

Test:
When you wake up, blot your face, If there are oil spots all over, you have an oily skin type

Treatment:
Wash skin twice a day, especially after heavy perspiration. A detergent type soap is recommended. During the day you can splash your face with cold water and blot it dry to remove excess oil. Use oil-free products, or products that say “non-comedogenic”-this doesn’t clog pores.

Dry Skin

-Your skin is more prone to premature fine lines and wrinkles because of a lack of moisture
-small, almost invisible pores
-More susceptible to the effects from pollution and UV rays (skin burns easily)
-redness

Test:
When you wake up, blot your face. If there is no oil spots and your skin feels tight, you probably have a dry skin type.

Treatment:
Avoid scented/fragrance and antibacterial products which dry out the skin. Use luke warm water when cleansing as hot water strips the skin of its natural oils. Pat dry your face, but leave it slightly damp. This is when the most important step comes in, which is to moisturize. Applying moisturizer on damp skin locks moisture in.

Combination Skin

-dry patches around the eyes and cheeks
-oily skin on the T-Zone area (nose, chin and forehead)
– difficult to treat as the different areas need different care.
-blackheads, shiny skin and overly dilated pores are evident.

Test:
When you wake up, blot your face. If there are oily spots on your chin, cheeks and forehead, you are probably a combination skin type

Treatment:
Use a mild foaming cleanser. Avoid toners with alcohol, citrus oils, witch hazel and fragrance. Apply moisturizer to dry areas and leave the oily parts, as this will only make it oilier. Use an oil-absorbing mask once a week on oily areas only.

Sensitive Skin

-skin burns easily, redness is visible on most days
-irritated looking skin
-itchy skin
-dryness

Test:
If your skin tends to react to creams or lotions, you have a sensitive skin type. It is best to seek professional help from a dermatologist to find out what exactly the problem is.

Treatment:
Avoid antibacterial and deodorant ingredients. The fewer ingredients on the label the better. Products containing alcohol, retinoids and alpha-hydroxy acid, are not recommended. Don’t buy waterproof cosmetics, as you’ll need to buy a specific cleanser to remove it, costing more money.

If you are still experiencing problems with your skin, seek a dermatologist for professional advice.

Written by Megan Mc Kinlay

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