When it comes to fat, there’s one type you don’t want to cut back on: omega-3 fatty acids. Omega-3s are “essential” fatty acids because the body isn’t capable of producing them on its own. Therefore, we must rely on omega-3 foods in our diet to supply these extremely beneficial compounds.
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Omega-3 ranks among the most important essential nutrients out there today. Low concentrations of EPA and DHA results in an increased risk of death from all causes, as well as accelerated cognitive decline. A higher intake of omega-3’s may bring certain health benefits that short-term supplementation cannot give.
There are actually three different types of “omega-3s”: ALA (alpha-linolenic acid), DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) and EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid). The preferred sources are DHA and EPA, the kinds found in seafood sources like salmon and sardines. ALA, on the other hand, is found in some plant foods, including certain nuts and seeds, as well as high-quality cuts of meat like grass-fed beef.